Senepol History

The Senepol breed can base its development on the island of St Croix in the Virgin Islands. Initially N’Dama’s were introduced from Senegal in West Africa because of their heat and insect tolerence and their ability to survive on very low quality forage. In 1890 Henry C. Nelthropp’s Granard Estates had roughly 250 head of purebred Bos Taurus N’damas. Several attempts to import higher producing cattle had failed due to the harsh environment. In 1918 Henry Nelthropp’s son Bromley introduced the British Red Poll with it’s superior fertility and milking ability. The fusion of these two breeds was very successfull and the 100% tropically adapted Senepol breed was developed. As more Red Poll content was used greater selection pressure was to be placed on traits such as being naturally polled, heat and insect tolerent,docile, fertile, red colour with good eye pigment,high yield of good quality milk combined with early maturing and good conformation. Today the Senepol breed can be found in quite a few countries around the world where tropical adaptability is essential to economic viability.